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Hierarchical multiple regression modelling on predictors of neighbourhood satisfaction in violence-induced segregated urban environments [ITU J Faculty Arch]
ITU J Faculty Arch. Articles in Press: ITUJFA-71224 | DOI: 10.5505/itujfa.2021.71224  

Hierarchical multiple regression modelling on predictors of neighbourhood satisfaction in violence-induced segregated urban environments

Rasheed Osuolale Oladosu1, Ahmad Nazri Muhamad Ludin2, Audu Gani Bogoro1
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
2Centre for Innovative Planning and Development, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Violence-induced segregated urban environments (VISUE) are quite unique urban centres for their characteristic of neighbourhood sharing among residents before the resultant parting triggered by violence. Yet, not much is known about the neighbourhood satisfaction of inhabitants in this type of urban setting. Such knowledge can provide hints on the factors to be prioritized in planning for improvement of neighbourhood satisfaction of residents in these cities. This paper thus examines the key predictors of neighbourhood satisfaction in a VISUE. Household heads (n = 289), cutting across the three identifiable types of neighbourhoods in Jos, Nigeria, expressed their level of satisfaction on a 71-item self-administered structured survey instrument. The principal component analysis with varimax rotation option explored 10 factors to represent the examined attributes of the neighbourhood environment. The third (final) in the sequence of hierarchical regression models estimated, indicates that none of the socio-economic and demographic attributes and dwelling attributes is significant in predicting neighbourhood satisfaction in VISUE. Three factors: neighbourhood safety and stability, social relationships, and neighbourhood facilities and services, emerge as the key predictors of neighbourhood satisfaction. On the basis of these findings, these three attributes are required to be given precedence in any policy action aiming to improve residentsí satisfaction with their neighbourhoods in VISUE.

Keywords: Hierarchical regression models, Jos, Neighbourhood satisfaction, Predictors, VISUE (violence-induced segregated urban environment).

Corresponding Author: Rasheed Osuolale Oladosu, Nigeria

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