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Structural transformations of traditional architecture from Hittites to Ottomans in Bogazkoy [ITU J Faculty Arch]
ITU J Faculty Arch. 2016; 13(1): 97-106 | DOI: 10.5505/itujfa.2016.39974  

Structural transformations of traditional architecture from Hittites to Ottomans in Bogazkoy

Selin Küçük
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, İstanbul, Turkey

In this study, a regular and temporal transformation of construction techniques between Hittite Traditional Architecture and Ottoman Traditional Architecture has been examined. Traditional houses, as a production of a manuscript culture, reflect an economic growth by their scale and advanced construction techniques. Hattusha, as a capital city of Hittites in Bronze Age and Bogazkoy as a region that wealthy immigrants (Dulkadirogullari) settled in Ottoman Age had been developing cities of different cultures.
One fictional Hittite house and an existing Ottoman House (Özelevi) are the archetypes. These two archetypes in the southern part of Çorum had emerged with same materials in the same region and had proposed almost same structural solutions to environmental conditions in spite of approximately three thousands of years between them.
Mud brick, natural stone and timber were the only construction materials used in buildings in Anatolia, quite different from the materials of the modern world. Accordingly, culture may define planning characteristics, yet local properties qualify construction techniques. Many studies show that the local construction materials and technologies used in the past are more sustainable than the ones used today. Consequently, transformations and adaptations of architecture, which generates awareness of sustainability, explored in those regions may help develop a good understanding of how the local traditional architecture can still help the construction of sustainable settlements.
A secondary study will also examine how energy efficient buildings were built in Turkey in the hope that these building types could offer lessons to resist against newly emerging concrete giants.

Keywords: Hittite housing, Ottoman housing, Transformation, Traditional architecture, Energy efficiency

Selin Küçük. Structural transformations of traditional architecture from Hittites to Ottomans in Bogazkoy. ITU J Faculty Arch. 2016; 13(1): 97-106

Corresponding Author: Selin Küçük, Türkiye

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