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ITU J Faculty Arch: 16 (3)
Volume: 16  Issue: 3 - 2019
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1.Contents

Page I

2.Editorial

Page II

THEORY ARTICLES
3.Documentation and mapping of underwater cultural landscapes case study: Ancient Lycia - Kaş
Sinem Gürevin, Yasin Çağatay Seçkin
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.37097  Pages 1 - 15
The scope of documentation and mapping of underwater landscapes consists of different disciplines, such as, landscape architecture, archeology, history, geometrics and underwater research. Kaş has witnessed ancient civilizations and has countless remains that are waiting to be found and understood. The main objective of this research is to reveal these ancient remains and make them a part of the academic literature. When they have become acknowledged and mapped, a guideline could be provided for preserving and managing our heritages. Since prehistoric times, humans have been using Earth’s water for transportation, nutrition, and trade. Due to the relationship between human and water, people have overcome far distances and cultures become able to interact with each other. Since water covers the seventy-one percent of the world, excluding underwater while studying cultural landscapes, would be ignoring an extensive piece of the whole. Kaş was selected as research area because its culture and interaction with sea dates backs to prehistoric times. The chosen sites include the dive sites located in the central area and nearby islands. First, the history, geography and the importance of Kaş were researched. Preliminary survey maps formed with reference to underwater topography, currents, prevailing winds, and refuge locations for vessels. Thereafter, carefully planned dives were followed through. Within the extent of research, the findings and artifacts are documented and marked with their exact coordinates on an underwater map. Finally, the research is moved forward with studying protection and managing underwater cultural landscapes and conclusions have been made for Kaş.

4.Residents’ experiences of a gentrified neighborhood in Istanbul: The case of Akaretler row houses
Mehmet Ronael, Gulden Oruc
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.46547  Pages 17 - 36
The gentrification process has been examined by sociologists, urban planners, geographers and many other professionals since the 1970s. However, despite a great deal of research into the concept, process, and other dimensions of gentrification, there are few studies which consider the importance of the perspective and experiences of residents and users. This paper focuses on the gentrification process and its impact on the nongentrifier residents of the Akaretler neighborhood of Beşiktaş, an area which was transformed following a major restoration project 10 years ago. In-depth interviews were conducted with long-term residents and business owners to investigate how they evaluate the changes in their neighborhood as well as the positive and negative impacts of gentrification on their lives. According to the findings, while the majority of respondents acknowledged the physical success of the restoration project, some of them also pointed out the negative economic, social, and cultural outcomes it has raised over the past 10 years. The outstanding negative issues are social integration difficulties, the lack of affordable properties, changes to property functions, and cultural contrast.

5.Case issues and data on houses in the 17th century Istanbul Kadı registers
Hatice Gökçen Özkaya
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.67044  Pages 37 - 47
The Kadı registers, like many written sources of Ottoman record-keeping, are important sources for historical research on Ottoman urban and housing history. These records also include research potential in terms of taking into account different cases together. The purpose of this article is to reveal this potential for architects and architectural historians. To do this, for four different regions of Istanbul – Istanbul (Suriçi), Eyüp, Galata and Usküdar – legal matters that arose in four periods in the 17th century have been studied in detail. This study has included many cases involving different housing issues, such as sales, mortgage (rehin) or temporary sales of houses as collateral (bey bi’l vefa/bey bi’l istiğlal), inheritance of property, tenancy of houses, granting ownership rights (hibe), establishment of waqf (charitable) foundations and cost estimation of housing repairs. In turn, discussions about the houses in different contexts that were recorded in the courts during the 17th century have been revealed. Within the scope of the article, these cases about the houses and the data obtained from this material is introduced to researchers. In this way, a substructure is prepared for new discussions, comparative reviews, analyses and research in the field of housing during the Ottoman period in Istanbul.

6.Comparative study and analysis of two medieval baths in western Algeria: Sabaghine bath in Tlemcen and El Bali bath in Nedroma
Imene Selka Oussadit, Chihab Selka, Mohammed nabil Ouissi, Olivier Bouet
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.47855  Pages 49 - 58
The abundance of water and springs has always allowed the presence of quite numerous baths in the ancient medinas. These public buildings have played a major role in the daily lives of the inhabitants, and have continued to evolve to this day. In this place the bathers carried out a hygiene of the body and the mind but also allowed themselves, meetings and discussions between the different social classes. Today, the modernization and degradation of the medinas, that of Tlemcen, Nedroma or other cities, threaten this architectural element, whose traces must be transmitted to future generations as a testimony to a civilization. Given its multifunctionality, the hammam deserves a multiple dimensional reading. In this article, we will present an inventory of two existing baths: the Nedroma one dating from the 11th century, and the one of the dyers whose dating is unknown; before moving on to a comparative study of their architectural and spatial characteristics. Indeed, their comparative study allows us to answer a set of hypotheses relating to their dating, but also to grasp the typology and architectural aspect in which they are part: more modest baths, if we compare them with the monumental baths of Turkey or the Middle East.

7.Poiesis of objects: Theory of making
Murat Sönmez, Beyza Nur Batı
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.94547  Pages 59 - 70
The aim of this study is to discuss the basic state of object production. Essentially, objects exist as a result of the act of making. Making occurs through the processes of cognition, conceptualization, and representation. Cognition and conceptualization are dealt with the notion of noesis, which occurs on the foundation of four concepts: the self, matter, form, and aim. A design is formed by the cohesion of these four components. Some practical acts are required to represent this design. However, these practical acts continue the conceptual state of making because they require the knowledge of making. All stages that create objects are developed depending on mental productions; this features the process of poiesis. Poiesis is an act of creating objects simply as a product of our integrative comprehensions. This study involves the redefinition of the concept of making in the context of the intuitional, undefined, and unlimited states of poiesis.

8.Architectonics as synthesis of architectural and engineering disciplines
Natalia Vladimirovna Norina, Veniamin Norin, Yuriy Pukharenko
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.91489  Pages 71 - 86
The article is dedicated to the solution of some tasks faced when teaching students of architectural departments and related to insufficient knowledge of technical science. The need for introducing a profound study of such technical disciplines as “Structural performance of materials”, “Construction mechanics” into the educational program of architecture students has been proved. Metho- dological principles for selecting and structuring the contents of the Architetonics discipline have been defined. A project for scientific and methodological support of the Architectonics discipline has been developed. We state that currently there is a wide range of graphical software products allowing students of archi-tectural departments to model various interesting shapes. Along with that, we note that graphic software products do not allow for adequate check of the constructive solution, so educational modeling is frequently limited by solving space-planning and imaginary tasks. A problem of implementing calculation and designing software into the educational architectural designing has been considered.

9.The histology atlas of campus form: A framework to explore liveability and sustainability in university campuse
Haniye Razavivand fard, Yuksel Demir, Marco Trıscıuoglıo
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.32650  Pages 87 - 102
This paper focuses on the concept of university campus form, aiming at exploring the sustainability and liveability parameters in relation to campus form. The research intends to provide a theoretical framework to evaluate physical and morphological dimensions of campus form which affect sustainability and liveability of campus setting and surrounding urban context. The study primarily has conducted an extensive literature review on the subjects of sustainability, liveability, urban form, and university campus physical features. Then, it has done a content analysis of fifty university campus masterplans, selected from throughout the world to identify common strategies, and actions of campus development plans. Afterward, it has identified the principal criteria which influence the sustainability and liveability of campus form. To evaluate the university precincts according to the proposed set of criteria, a Histology Atlas of Campus Form has been developed which provides a model to measure each morphological dimension of campus according to a 3-point Likert scale system. The developed model has been applied to case studies to assess their performance. The ultimate objective of this study is to investigate the campus form attributes on the ability to generate liveability and sustainability.

10.The effects of interaction and learning styles on children’s experiences in exhibition spaces
Seniye Banu Garip, Gökçe Evren
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.57804  Pages 103 - 114
The ‘didacticism’ oriented exhibition spaces first seen in 20th Century that begun with the idea of modern museums have led the new design understanding to be influential and also enabled the visitors actively participate in exhibitions. Today, interaction design is used extensively in exhibition spaces and in-depth studies are required to provide interaction most particularly for children. This article examines the contribution of interaction design and methods to spatial experience and learning process of children in exhibition spaces. In this context it is investigated how the processes of learning, experience, communication and interaction can be coordinated by means of emotions, senses, activities and play. A research which includes an exhibition design for primary school children and an experiment which is done with 121 children that experienced the exhibition is conducted. The exhibition is designed to give information about the story of the novel ‘My Sweet Orange Tree’ of Jose Mauro de Vasconcelos to children via generated spatial experiences. Students’ experiences and behaviors are observed, and a questionnaire is done in order to understand the children’s evaluations and to test their understanding of the story. As a result, some clues related with interaction design were highlighted for future applications. Basicly, it is experienced that, in exhibition spaces for children, interactivity can be ensured not only by use of digital technicques, but also various methods as well.

11.From rigidity to ephemerality: Architecture as a socio-spatial assemblage of heterogeneous components
Ferro Yudistira, Yandi Andri Yatmo, Paramita Atmodiwirjo
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.14890  Pages 115 - 129
This study discusses the idea of ephemeral architecture as an alternative approach to overcoming the rigidity issue of the built environment. Ephemeral architecture is an architectural space that appears and disappears in a short period of time. The ephemerality of such a space indicates that there are components that are not permanently available in the built environment. The question then arises as to what these components are, in what way they are present or available, and how they relate to each other to temporarily form a certain architectural space in the built environment. Using assemblage as the theoretical approach, the study investigates these questions through the case of trader space in the courtyard of the Sunda Kelapa mosque in Jakarta. The research makes three main findings regarding: (1) the heterogeneity of entities that act as architectural components, including everyday items such as clothes, socks and plastic rugs; (2) the process of spatial assemblage in which these entities relate and interact; and (3) social assemblage as the non-physical structure that frames this spatial process.

12.With nature in mind: ‘Green metaphors’ as an approach to reflect environmental concerns and awareness in landscape design
Sema Mumcu, Serap Yılmaz, Duygu Akyol
doi: 10.5505/itujfa.2019.00236  Pages 131 - 144
The human-environment relationship forms the philosophical foundation of landscape architecture. To move beyond the common dualistic humanenvironment thinking in environmental design education, exploring and highlighting new ideas is important and necessary. A caring sensitivity and a change in awareness of our responsibilities are preconditions to creating these new ideas that will result in deeply responsive environmental designs. Here, responsibility includes ecological awareness and understanding interconnectedness. “Green metaphors” are results of such an awareness and understanding. Green metaphors in environmental design are accepted as an approach for reflecting environmental concern. This study aims to understand how green metaphors are being used by landscape architecture students in design studio. One hundred and three poster presentations of senior students that explain the metaphorical thinking behind their design concept for a residential landscape design were analyzed in order to determine the frequency of green metaphors. Twenty-seven projects with green metaphors were analyzed in depth to understand the most emphasized issues in their approaches to the human-environment relationship.

13.Contributors

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