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Environmental control in architecture by landscape design [ITU J Faculty Arch]
ITU J Faculty Arch. 2018; 15(2): 197-211 | DOI: 10.5505/itujfa.2018.90022  

Environmental control in architecture by landscape design

Nazire Papatya Seckin
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul, Turkey

The landscape design is a significant component of effective building design. Landscape elements can provide such benefits to buildings as shielding them from the sun, protecting them against wind, facilitating passive cooling, and providing opportunities for natural ventilation. Furthermore, landscape elements can be useful to clean the air and water, absorb floodwaters, improve aesthetics, provide recreational amenities and develop ecological habitats for wildlife.
The heating, cooling and lighting of a building are very much affected by the site and landscape in which the building is located. Plants are immensely useful in the heating, cooling and lighting of buildings. Landscaping that supports the heating, cooling, and lighting of buildings varies with the climate. The general logic for tree planting around a building includes shade trees on the east and west, wind breaks on the north, and open fields on the south-facing sides. In this connection, lawns should be used only when necessary. On the other hand, a vertical vine-covered trellis is very effective on east and west facades, while a horizontal trellis can be used on any orientation. Outdoor shading structures such as trellises and pergolas, can be used for providing shade and/or to control air movement. Other functional landscaping elements include allées, pleached allées and hedgerows. In short, the following sections discuss some of the critical concepts and topics necessary for understanding landscape design as it relates to sustainable building design.

Keywords: Landscape design, Building design, Landscape elements, Shading structures, Windbreaks.


Nazire Papatya Seckin. Environmental control in architecture by landscape design. ITU J Faculty Arch. 2018; 15(2): 197-211

Corresponding Author: Nazire Papatya Seckin, Türkiye


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