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Resilience, Space Syntax and Spatial Interfaces: the case of River cities [ITU J Faculty Arch]
ITU J Faculty Arch. 2017; 14(1): 25-41 | DOI: 10.5505/itujfa.2017.65265  

Resilience, Space Syntax and Spatial Interfaces: the case of River cities

Ehsan Abshirini1, Daniel Koch2
1KTH Royal Institute Of Technology, School Of Architecture And Built Environment, Division Of Geoinformatics, Stockholm, Sweden
2KTH Royal Institute Of Technology, School Of Architecture, Stockholm, Sweden

Resilience defined as the capacity of a system to manage impacts, keep its efficiency and continue its development has been scrutinized by researchers from different point of views over the past decades. Due to the prominence of resilience in urban planning, this paper intends to find out how the spatial structure of cities deals with disturbances, and if geographical phenomena such as rivers affect the resilience in cities. Using the space syntax to syntactically analyze the resilience in cities, we innovatively introduce two measures; similarity and sameness. These measures are in relation with the syntactical properties of cities and compare the degree of resilience between different groups. Similarity measures the degree to which each city retains the relative magnitude of its foreground network after a disturbance and sameness is the degree to which each city retains the same segments as its foreground network after a disturbance. Likewise to network resilience studies, we apply different disturbances on cities and explore the reaction of cities to disturbances in terms of size of the foreground network and which segments are parts thereof. We then compare different groups based on these measurements as a method to analyze sameness and similarity. The results show that the resilience, in the way we define it, is different in different cities depending on in which view and based on which parameters we are discussing the resilience. Additionally morphological phenomena such as rivers have a great impact on the structure of cities and in turn on their resilience.

Keywords: River-cities, Resilience, Space Syntax, Spatial Analysis, Disturbances


Ehsan Abshirini, Daniel Koch. Resilience, Space Syntax and Spatial Interfaces: the case of River cities. ITU J Faculty Arch. 2017; 14(1): 25-41

Corresponding Author: Ehsan Abshirini, Sweden


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