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Exploring the potentials of mass housing in terms of urbanisation [ITU J Faculty Arch]
ITU J Faculty Arch. 2004; 1(1): 60-78

Exploring the potentials of mass housing in terms of urbanisation

Hande Suher
Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul, TURKEY

In 1984, Mass Housing Law was accepted in order to meet the need of mass housing, to establish the methods and principles to be conformed, to develop industrialized construction techniques and tools, and to create and use a Mass Housing Fund for providing State subsidy. In 1987, the scope of the fund was enlarged and in 1988, by an amendment in the rules and regulations, as well as mass housing, office and workshops, tourism areas, small-scale industrial units and cooperatives of small business owners and craftsmen were included in the scope of the Fund. However, due to those changes, the Fund‟s support to mass housing is decreased. The definement of mass housing settlement areas by governers‟ offices, even those which are not included in the urban planning system and settlement rules, will increase urban population. Moreover the additional social and technical infrastructure, which was not in the scope of plans and programs causes supplementary work and budget problems. As it can be seen, mass housing is appraised only as a technical application tool. However, with a dynamic approach instead of a static one, mass housing should be used as an effective tool in the application of country and region wide settlement decisions. Mass housing should be developed as an application tool in constituting and appraisal of Turkey‟s settlement and new city policies. Mass Housing Credits should be directed to the regions having priority in development and the middle size cities where industry and industrial zones are supported, in order to use the suppporting effect of mass housing in urbanization. It seems necessary and obligatory to establish a Ministry of Urbanization for settlement policy and to convene a „Housing Congress‟ for improvement of the subject.

Keywords: Mass housing, urbanization, housing

Hande Suher. Exploring the potentials of mass housing in terms of urbanisation. ITU J Faculty Arch. 2004; 1(1): 60-78

Corresponding Author: Hande Suher, Türkiye

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